Social workers believed that to save children they had to deny them information about their past. To help them, they unintentionally hurt them.
Some social workers believed that keeping adoptees’ identities secret allowed the adoptee to make a clean break with their past. Secrecy protected adoptive parents from intrusion by birth relatives. It protected the privacy of single mothers.
In the early 1950s, social workers believed that closed adoption worked. A social worker’s effectiveness was measured by how many unmarried mothers she could persuade to surrender their children – with a goal to persuade all of them.
Social workers believed that after surrender, the mother would simply go on with her childless life as though nothing had happened.
It was believed that “normal, healthy” adoptees would have NO curiosity about their roots.
All these things that social workers once believed turned out to be not true.